The Investor Sentiment - Equity and investments forum for Sri Lankans

Join the forum, it's quick and easy

The Investor Sentiment - Equity and investments forum for Sri Lankans
The Investor Sentiment - Equity and investments forum for Sri Lankans
Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.
Please send an email to if you face any technical difficulties when posting
Display results as :
Advanced Search
Latest topics
CCS.N0000 ( Ceylon Cold Stores)Wed Mar 20, 2024 11:31 amHawk Eye
When Will It Be Safe To Invest In The Stock Market Again?Wed Apr 19, 2023 6:41 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Dividend AnnouncementsWed Apr 12, 2023 5:41 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
MAINTENANCE NOTICE / නඩත්තු දැනුම්දීමThu Apr 06, 2023 3:18 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
SEYB.N0000 (Seylan Bank PLC)Thu Mar 30, 2023 9:25 amyellow knife
The Korean Way !Wed Mar 29, 2023 7:09 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
In the Meantime Within Our Shores! Mon Mar 27, 2023 5:51 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
What is Known as Dementia?Fri Mar 24, 2023 10:09 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
SRI LANKA TELECOM PLC (SLTL.N0000)Mon Mar 20, 2023 5:18 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
THE LANKA HOSPITALS CORPORATION PLC (LHCL.N0000)Mon Mar 20, 2023 5:10 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Equinox ( වසන්ත විෂුවය ) !Mon Mar 20, 2023 4:28 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
COMB.N0000 (Commercial Bank of Ceylon PLC)Sun Mar 19, 2023 4:11 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
REXP.N0000 (Richard Pieris Exports PLC)Sun Mar 19, 2023 4:02 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
RICH.N0000 (Richard Pieris and Company PLC)Sun Mar 19, 2023 3:53 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Do You Have Computer Vision Syndrome?Sat Mar 18, 2023 7:36 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
LAXAPANA BATTERIES PLC (LITE.N0000)Thu Mar 16, 2023 11:23 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
What a Bank Run ?Wed Mar 15, 2023 5:33 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
104 Technical trading experiments by HUNTERWed Mar 15, 2023 4:27 pmkatesmith1304
GLAS.N0000 (Piramal Glass Ceylon PLC)Wed Mar 15, 2023 7:45 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Cboe Volatility Index Tue Mar 14, 2023 5:32 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
AHPL.N0000Sun Mar 12, 2023 4:46 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
TJL.N0000 (Tee Jey Lanka PLC.)Sun Mar 12, 2023 4:43 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
CTBL.N0000 ( CEYLON TEA BROKERS PLC)Sun Mar 12, 2023 4:41 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY PLC (COMD. N.0000))Fri Mar 10, 2023 4:43 pmyellow knife
Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Fri Mar 10, 2023 1:47 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
CSD.N0000 (Seylan Developments PLC)Fri Mar 10, 2023 10:38 amyellow knife
PLC.N0000 (People's Leasing and Finance PLC) Thu Mar 09, 2023 8:02 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Bakery Products ?Wed Mar 08, 2023 5:30 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
NTB.N0000 (Nations Trust Bank PLC)Sun Mar 05, 2023 7:24 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Going South Sat Mar 04, 2023 10:47 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
When Seagulls Follow the TrawlerThu Mar 02, 2023 10:22 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Re-activatingSat Feb 25, 2023 5:12 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
SAMP.N0000 (Sampath Bank PLC)Wed Nov 30, 2022 8:24 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
APLA.N0000 (ACL Plastics PLC)Fri Nov 18, 2022 7:49 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Banks, Finance & Insurance Sector ChartTue Nov 15, 2022 5:26 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
VPEL.N0000 (Vallibel Power Erathna PLC)Sun Nov 13, 2022 12:15 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
WATA - WatawalaSat Nov 05, 2022 8:44 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
KFP.N0000(Keels Food Products PLC)Sat Nov 05, 2022 8:42 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Capital Trust Broker in difficulty?Fri Oct 21, 2022 5:25 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
IS PIRATING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY A BOON OR BANE?Thu Oct 20, 2022 10:13 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
What Industry Would You Choose to Focus?Tue Oct 11, 2022 6:39 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Should I Stick Around, or Should I Follow Others' Lead?Tue Oct 11, 2022 9:07 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
DV-2024 Program: Online RegistrationThu Oct 06, 2022 11:26 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා

Information posted in this forum are entirely of the respective members' personal views. The views posted on this open online forum of contributors do not constitute a recommendation buy or sell. The site nor the connected parties will be responsible for the posts posted on the forum and will take best possible action to remove any unlawful or inappropriate posts.
All rights to articles of value authored by members posted on the forum belong to the respective authors. Re-using without the consent of the authors is prohibited. Due credit with links to original source should be given when quoting content from the forum.
This is an educational portal and not one that gives recommendations. Please obtain investment advises from a Registered Investment Advisor through a stock broker

Go down
Posts : 283
Join date : 2014-09-15

Railway electrification: Why hesitate? Empty Railway electrification: Why hesitate?

Wed May 04, 2016 1:23 pm
Message reputation : 100% (4 votes)

By Mechanical Engineering Sectional Committee, Institute of Engineers, Sri Lanka

Ask any audience to raise their hands if they support the renewed thrust for railways in Sri Lanka to be electrified and modernised; all of them are most likely to raise both their hands. The engineering community of the country strongly supports the upcoming project to modernise and electrify the railways. This article explains why efficient railways are important.

Passengers sweat it out in stuffy carriages, running at a deplorable average speed of 25 km per hour. They wait endlessly for trains during signal failures. Passengers in other countries, including the major cities in India, travel at double or triple that speed.

Governments that value the overall economic benefits to its people, implement public infrastructure projects. In railway electrification and modernisation, people save time, money and fuel. Therefore, the country saves. Each minute wasted on the road, is a financial loss to the individual and an economic loss to the country. Furthermore, with modern, fast suburban services, passengers carried can be doubled, and more fuel and man-hours saved. Be it New Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, or Jaipur. Be it Singapore or Hong Kong. Their Governments implement people-friendly transport services.

Imagine that you travel daily from Panadura to Colombo Fort by train. You have to travel to the railway station by bus, because there is no place to safely park your motorcycle or carat the station. You wait in a long queue to buy the train ticket. Passengers struggle to board the train; children, ladies and old people struggle even more, owing to the height difference between the platform and the floor of the train.

Trains frequently run late. The heat inside the coaches is high. Freshness of the morning has vanished by the time you get off the train, your productivity is down. While at work, the bitter train ride in the evening to get back home keeps coming back to your mind. Thinking of leasing a car and drive to office daily, and spend even more time and money, to be in the traffic for longer hours?

Wait! All this is about to change for the better. The Ministry of Transport and the Government have now got the best opportunity to take this project on board.

Which railway project?

The Railway Electrification and Modernisation Project (REMP), is now ready to go. Initially, the Panadura-Colombo-Veyangoda section will be upgraded and modernised to run electric trains. Soon you will be a proud passenger on one of the advanced electrified suburban railway services in South Asia.

Now you have many questions in your mind.

Why should we electrify the Panadura-Colombo-Veyangoda (64 km) section first? A large share of railway passengers now get in and get off between Panadura and Veyangoda. This section serves 43% of railway passengers. More passengers will benefit by extending the electric train service to Kalutara South and Polgahawela.

What about the increasingly popular Avissawella (KV line) service? What about Negombo and the Airport? Certainly, such sectors will be done in stages 2, 3 and 4, as Sri Lanka moves systematically to modernise the entire suburban rail network in the Western Province. Then move to Kandy, Jaffna and Galle.

Economic benefits are Immense

Sri Lanka imports all her petroleum requirements, imports coal for power generation, and efficient energy use is a national economic priority. Electric power sets are more energy efficient compared with diesel power sets.

Energy and maintenance costs per km would be halved with electric trains. The net fuel saving will be about Rs. 40 per train km, which will work out to be equivalent of Rs. 1 billion of foreign exchange every year, just for train operations between Panadura and Veyangoda, to serve existing passengers.

It has also been established by the pre-feasibility study jointly conducted by the Institute of Engineers (IESL), Sri Lanka Railways (SLR) and Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) that maintenance costs would also be slashed by 55%. The project can expect the passenger load currently served to double by year 2025, and the equivalent net savings to the economy to increase by a further Rs. 1 billion per year.

There are numerous other macro-economic, social and environmental benefits such as economies of scale of train operations, attraction of passengers from road to rail, travel time saving, reduced passenger fatigue, and reduced air and noise pollution.

A technical brief

Technology behind electric trains is not so complex. It is our engineers’ duty to introduce the latest, proven technologies to Sri Lanka with this mega project, to build the most modern and efficient suburban railway service in South Asia.

The project will use the existing rail route: no expensive tunnelling or elevated tracks. Tracks will be improved to allow 100 km per hour, and will be fenced to avoid accidents. Remember: electric power sets are fast and quiet. All level crossings will be automated and the number of level crossings will be reduced by providing overpasses and underpasses.

There will be a catenary wire fixed above the tracks. Two pantographs fixed at two ends of the train will tap the electricity supply. One rail will be used as the return wire.

New ‘electric power sets’ will run between Veyangoda and Panadura, through Colombo. Their fast acceleration and rapid braking capabilities help achieve high average speeds; time to run between two stations will be reduced. Air conditioning will be a standard feature, with doors closed. Long distance trains will run express in the electrified section.

At peak times, Sri Lanka Railway (SLR) now operates the maximum possible number of trains, but we know there aren’t enough trains to meet the passenger demand.

This project will also build a modern signalling and control system to run trains in two minute intervals. Imagine trains running at two minute intervals. It will be a reality by 2020.

Stations will be refurbished with modern architectural designs, with larger circulating areas to welcome passengers newly joining trains. Platform height will match the height of the coach deck. Latest electronic displays and passenger information systems will be installed. Parking facilities for private vehicles will be available at main railway stations.

E-ticketing will be introduced and there will be no long queues at ticket counters, because your ticket can simply be re-loaded through a text message to your bank. Gates at the station will monitor your entry and exit, and deduct the train fare from your account.

Fits well with the Masterplan

When public transport fails, people are forced to move to private transport. Private transport is more expensive, requires heavy expenditure on road building, and roads occupy properties. Often there is no money or land to build new roads, or even to widen existing roads. Many countries have modernised bus and rail transport to provide efficient and cheap mobility.

The Colombo Transport Masterplan developed by the Ministry of Transport and revised by the University of Moratuwa in 2015 has proven that railway electrification and modernisation should be a priority project. It shows that there can be a total of six corridors including the Panadura-Veyangoda sector that can provide efficient rail transport to Colombo City. These six priority rail corridors, include two new lines from Dematagoda to Horana and from Kelaniya to Biyagama area.

How to finance the project

The IESL is aware that the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has pledged technical and financial support to design and implement Sri Lanka’s Railway Electrification and Modernisation Project (REMP). ADB website and various progress documents confirm this.
Concessionary financing from international agencies such as ADB and the World Bank, are given to nationally important projects, at very concessionary interest rates, sometimes as low as 1%, repayable in 30 years! Any Government, especially one that wants to reduce imports (fuel) and improve economic productivity, would grab such funds, and diligently implement such projects at utmost speed.

A country that is sunk deep in debts secured at higher interest rates (some as much as 8% per year), would grab cheaper financing to implement people-friendly projects. So where is the hitch, the lock, the stumbling block, or whatever you may call it?

The secret is in two words: private investment. Readers may remember that at least three ‘private investors’ offered to build, at different time, an expressway each from Colombo to Kandy. Previously in the 1990s, the Government was looking for that elusive private investor who would build the expressway to the airport. Alas! They came and went, made it into newspaper headlines, and ran away at the same speed, never to be seen again.

Railways worldwide are built by governments. Why? Because they are not financially viable as private investments, but economically viable as public investments. When you visit some country, do not be misled by seeing a private-looking train and friendly, private-looking staff. It may be the modern version of the Government railways of that country, running the efficient service.

[Contributing Authors: Dr. Tilak Siyambalapitiya (Energy Consultant), Sr. Prof. Amal S Kumarage (Dept. of Transport and Logistics, University of Moratuwa) Dr. T. L. Gunaruwan (Sr. Lecturer, Dept. of Economics, University of Colombo), and Eng. Priyal De Silva (former GM of Sri Lanka Railways and Past President of IESL).]

- See more at:
Posts : 280
Join date : 2014-04-18

Railway electrification: Why hesitate? Empty Re: Railway electrification: Why hesitate?

Wed May 04, 2016 7:37 pm
Message reputation : 100% (1 vote)
Very good article.....
කිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
කිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Top contributor
Top contributor
Posts : 9679
Join date : 2014-02-23
Age : 66
Location : රජ්ගම

Railway electrification: Why hesitate? Empty China readying deployment of synchronous traction system for high speed rail

Mon May 09, 2016 9:01 pm
China has become a world leader in high-speed railway technology with its development of a cutting-edge permanent magnet synchronous traction system that will take bullet trains to an ultrafast 500 kilometers per hour (300 miles per hour).

The advanced 690-kilowatt traction system was developed by CRRC Corp, the country's train-making behemoth, at its Zhuzhou Institute in Hunan province. It will soon enter mass production, said Ding Rongjun, a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering who heads the institute.

"Now we have our own permanent magnet synchronous traction system with full intellectual property rights, marking a new chapter in China's high-speed railways," he said, adding that only a handful of countries are capable of manufacturing the sophisticated apparatus, including Germany and Japan.

Read more
Back to top
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum