The Investor Sentiment - Equity and investments forum for Sri Lankans

Join the forum, it's quick and easy

The Investor Sentiment - Equity and investments forum for Sri Lankans
The Investor Sentiment - Equity and investments forum for Sri Lankans
Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.
Please send an email to if you face any technical difficulties when posting
Display results as :
Advanced Search
Latest topics
When Will It Be Safe To Invest In The Stock Market Again?Wed Apr 19, 2023 6:41 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Dividend AnnouncementsWed Apr 12, 2023 5:41 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
MAINTENANCE NOTICE / නඩත්තු දැනුම්දීමThu Apr 06, 2023 3:18 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
SEYB.N0000 (Seylan Bank PLC)Thu Mar 30, 2023 9:25 amyellow knife
The Korean Way !Wed Mar 29, 2023 7:09 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
In the Meantime Within Our Shores! Mon Mar 27, 2023 5:51 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
What is Known as Dementia?Fri Mar 24, 2023 10:09 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
SRI LANKA TELECOM PLC (SLTL.N0000)Mon Mar 20, 2023 5:18 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
THE LANKA HOSPITALS CORPORATION PLC (LHCL.N0000)Mon Mar 20, 2023 5:10 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Equinox ( වසන්ත විෂුවය ) !Mon Mar 20, 2023 4:28 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
COMB.N0000 (Commercial Bank of Ceylon PLC)Sun Mar 19, 2023 4:11 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
REXP.N0000 (Richard Pieris Exports PLC)Sun Mar 19, 2023 4:02 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
RICH.N0000 (Richard Pieris and Company PLC)Sun Mar 19, 2023 3:53 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Do You Have Computer Vision Syndrome?Sat Mar 18, 2023 7:36 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
LAXAPANA BATTERIES PLC (LITE.N0000)Thu Mar 16, 2023 11:23 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
What a Bank Run ?Wed Mar 15, 2023 5:33 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
104 Technical trading experiments by HUNTERWed Mar 15, 2023 4:27 pmkatesmith1304
GLAS.N0000 (Piramal Glass Ceylon PLC)Wed Mar 15, 2023 7:45 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Cboe Volatility Index Tue Mar 14, 2023 5:32 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
AHPL.N0000Sun Mar 12, 2023 4:46 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
TJL.N0000 (Tee Jey Lanka PLC.)Sun Mar 12, 2023 4:43 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
CTBL.N0000 ( CEYLON TEA BROKERS PLC)Sun Mar 12, 2023 4:41 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY PLC (COMD. N.0000))Fri Mar 10, 2023 4:43 pmyellow knife
Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Fri Mar 10, 2023 1:47 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
CSD.N0000 (Seylan Developments PLC)Fri Mar 10, 2023 10:38 amyellow knife
PLC.N0000 (People's Leasing and Finance PLC) Thu Mar 09, 2023 8:02 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Bakery Products ?Wed Mar 08, 2023 5:30 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
NTB.N0000 (Nations Trust Bank PLC)Sun Mar 05, 2023 7:24 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Going South Sat Mar 04, 2023 10:47 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
When Seagulls Follow the TrawlerThu Mar 02, 2023 10:22 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Re-activatingSat Feb 25, 2023 5:12 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
SAMP.N0000 (Sampath Bank PLC)Wed Nov 30, 2022 8:24 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
APLA.N0000 (ACL Plastics PLC)Fri Nov 18, 2022 7:49 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Banks, Finance & Insurance Sector ChartTue Nov 15, 2022 5:26 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
VPEL.N0000 (Vallibel Power Erathna PLC)Sun Nov 13, 2022 12:15 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
WATA - WatawalaSat Nov 05, 2022 8:44 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
KFP.N0000(Keels Food Products PLC)Sat Nov 05, 2022 8:42 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Capital Trust Broker in difficulty?Fri Oct 21, 2022 5:25 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
IS PIRATING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY A BOON OR BANE?Thu Oct 20, 2022 10:13 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
What Industry Would You Choose to Focus?Tue Oct 11, 2022 6:39 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Should I Stick Around, or Should I Follow Others' Lead?Tue Oct 11, 2022 9:07 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
DV-2024 Program: Online RegistrationThu Oct 06, 2022 11:26 amකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා
Tile - SnapshotWed Sep 28, 2022 12:45 pmකිත්සිරි ද සිල්වා

Information posted in this forum are entirely of the respective members' personal views. The views posted on this open online forum of contributors do not constitute a recommendation buy or sell. The site nor the connected parties will be responsible for the posts posted on the forum and will take best possible action to remove any unlawful or inappropriate posts.
All rights to articles of value authored by members posted on the forum belong to the respective authors. Re-using without the consent of the authors is prohibited. Due credit with links to original source should be given when quoting content from the forum.
This is an educational portal and not one that gives recommendations. Please obtain investment advises from a Registered Investment Advisor through a stock broker

Go down
Top contributor
Top contributor
Posts : 3803
Join date : 2014-02-24

Our attitudes towards our own excreta? Empty Our attitudes towards our own excreta?

Fri Apr 24, 2015 8:51 pm
Message reputation : 100% (2 votes)
How are we different from every other animal in our attitudes towards our own excreta?
April 23, 2015, 12:00 pm

One of the Prime Minister’s major programmes is Swatch Bharat. This has many facets, but two things that could change India into the kind of country that we can be proud of is getting rid of plastic waste and giving everyone a toilet. The second would keep our illnesses in check, water-bodies clean and make India a better/safer place for women to live in.

What do animals that live together like us do?

Ants, who are actually miniature humans, except smarter, live together in underground cities. They have designated work and sleeping areas and they also have areas designated as toilets. They pile their waste in dedicated corners of their nests. Ants go to these areas specifically to defecate.

Other waste such as dead ants, debris plaster, and waste food is taken outside the nest and piled up. This makes sense: With thousands of ants confined to such a small space, organization is the key. As humans refuse to learn: faeces can foster bacteria, transmit diseases, and generally put the colony in danger. Ants keep their living areas spick and span.

Other social insects, such as honeybees and spider mites, go to great

lengths to remove waste from their colonies. Bees make sure that their hives are kept very clean. The workers in the hive all have to do chores.

Some workers will be given the job of undertakers. Their job is to carry the dead bees out of the hive. Another job is to wash the floors using their tongues like brooms to lick everything clean. No one is allowed to defecate in the hive.

Bees fly outside the hive and once they are about 3 or 4 feet away they do it in mid-air. In winter it can be very cold outside and too cold to fly. In that case, the bees must hold their faeces until a warmer day. Once a warmer day comes along, the bees all fly out and defecate outside the hive. Such defecation flights are even made by very young bees, which otherwise do not leave the hive. Sometimes, they even get sick with dysentery from trying to hold it until there is a day suitable for a cleansing flight. Some stingless bee species collect their faeces in piles and these are regularly removed by specialised workers.

Disease is an important challenge for animals, and especially so for social animals. Social insects such as ants and bees live in confined spaces and are thus especially vulnerable to contagion. An important source of contagious material is refuse and faecal matter. Sanitary behaviour is an important aspect of social living. Social insects have developed several strategies for dealing with waste and faecal matter, including dumping waste outside the nest and forming specialised waste-storage chambers.. Division of labour has even been shown in relation to sanitation in leaf cutting ants, with specialised refuse workers being the only ants to enter the refuse chamber.

Spider mites create a localised faecal pile just outside the entrance to their silk shelter. You cleanse yourself and then you enter.

In some cases waste material and faeces are put to use, either as a construction material or as a long-lasting signal, suggesting that faeces and waste may not always be dangerous. Many insects live in close proximity to their faeces and suffer no ill effects. Indeed, faeces may be put to use, for example as a defensive shield in beetle larvae. Leaf cutter ants manure their fungal gardens—their food source—by defecating on them.

Similarly, fungus-growing termites construct their fungus growing substrate from partially digested faeces. Many termites construct their nest partially or entirely using their own faeces. Oecophylla longinoda ants mark their home-range and foraging trails with faecal markings.

Millipedes make their nests out of their own faeces and coat their eggs in faeces to protect them.

Naked Mole Rats, who are mammals that live like ants, also make use of a common defecation place or toilet in their nest. Rat nest-mates regularly visit this area and rub their bodies with the waste to coat themselves with pheromones that identify them as members of the group.

The intelligence of the universe has created yet another way to keep the nest of social animals clean. Termites feed on plants directly or on fungus growing on decaying plant material. They must be able to digest cellulose. The termite gut is loaded with bacteria capable of breaking down cellulose. But termites aren’t born with all that bacteria in their gut. Before they can start the hard work of eating trees, termites must obtain a supply of microorganisms for their digestive tracts.

So they eat each other’s faeces. Termites must also resupply themselves after they moult, so faeces eating is a big part of life in the termite mound.

Many wild animals have areas which are designated animal latrines where they habitually defecate and urinate. Many of them share their latrines.

Animals with communal latrines include raccoons, hyraxes, moles, Eurasian badgers, elephants, deer, antelopes and horses, European rabbits, and lizards like the yakka skink and thorny devil. A regularly used toilet area created by many mammals is called a midden. Middens may serve as territorial markers especially for stallions and male deer. However, dedicated defecation sites are thought to be the result of sanitation-driven behaviour. Dedicated latrine areas observed by free-roaming horses mean that the grazing area is kept parasite-free.

Even stabled horses have vestiges of such behaviour. Grazers like deer are at risk of parasite/pathogen exposure from faeces during grazing, so it would make sense to make a specific area for faeces. Latrines of herbivores, such as antelopes, play an important role by providing enrichment of certain areas in nutrients. Duiker and Steenbok antelopes defecate on very sandy soil while Klipspringer prefers rocky outcrops, enriching nutrient-deficient areas and depositing plant seed there.

How are we different from every other animal in our attitudes towards our own excreta?

For one, we don’t seem to have any sense of where to do it if toilets are not constructed. We don’t believe in group or community defecation (probably because our faeces smells so much), in fact we are the only species that is embarrassed enough to want to be alone and hidden. We are also the only species that needs toilet paper or soap and water to clean ourselves. According to Christine Warman, "Although we share most of our DNA with great apes, there are some striking anatomical differences between ourselves and our nearest relatives, most notably our vertical posture. This enables us to walk tall with our hands free, but it also comes at a price: we experience problems with our back and joints, and the whole business of evacuating our waste is more difficult.

The fundamental problem is that the area used for releasing urine and faeces is compressed between thighs and buttocks, so we are more likely than other animals to foul ourselves."

If other animals are so particular about their faeces not harming the earth or themselves, how is it that we, the most superior intelligence, have befouled ourselves and our entire country and we actually need a government programme to ask us to be clean?

To join the animal welfare movement contact,
Top contributor
Top contributor
Posts : 4850
Join date : 2014-02-26

Our attitudes towards our own excreta? Empty Re: Our attitudes towards our own excreta?

Sat Apr 25, 2015 9:42 pm
Thanks backs for sharing.
Always fascinating to step in to animal's world.
Loads to learn.
Back to top
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum